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Get to know your Macros

MACRONUTRIENTS: ROLES AND SOURCES
Macronutrients provide our bodies with calories/energy. These are needed for growth, metabolism and many other bodily functions. Macronutrients, Meaning Large (MACRO) are needed in larger amounts and are provided by Carbohydrates, Proteins and fats.
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are easily metabolized and used as the bodies main fuel source. When the body uses carbohydrates for energy, it can use other macronutrients for other jobs, like tissue growth and repair. Our brain, kidneys, muscles and heart all need carbohydrates to function properly. Carbohydrates are primarily found in starchy foods, like grains and potatoes. Other foods like vegetables, beans, nuts, seeds, and cottage cheese contain carbohydrates, but in lesser amounts. Carbohydrates can be simple or complex, which refers to their chemical structure. Simple carbohydrates taste very sweet (like fruit sugar), while complex carbohydrates taste savory (like starch in potatoes). .
CARBOHYDRATES. PROVIDES 4 KCAL PER GRAM
Proteins
Proteins are used to produce new tissues for growth and tissue repair, and regulate and maintain body functions. Enzymes used for digestion, protection, and immunity are made of protein, and essential hormones used for body regulation require protein. Finally, proteins may be used as a source of energy when carbohydrates are not available.
Protein is found in meats, poultry, fish, meat substitutes, cheese, milk, nuts, legumes, and in
smaller quantities in starchy foods and vegetables .
PROTEIN PROVIDES 4 KCAL PER GRAM
Fat
Fats are also a Secondary high-density energy source and help us absorb fat-soluble vitamins. In addition, lipids cushion organs and insulate the body. Finally, they provide raw materials for vitamin D and hormones, as well as give taste, consistency, and stability to foods and make us feel full after eating.
Fats are found in meat, poultry, nuts, milk products, butters and margarines, oils, lard, fish, grain products, and salad dressings. There are three main types of fat: saturated fat, unsaturated fat, and trans fats.
FAT PROVIDES 9 KCAL PER GRAM